Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Myripristis leiognathus, Crimson soldierfish, Panamic soldierfish

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2.5 rows scales above LL
body & fins red

Myripristis leiognathus Valenciennes, 1846

Panamic soldierfish, Crimson soldierfish

Body ovate, deep; mouth moderately large, oblique; snout blunt, forehead convex; eye very large; no spine at corner of preopercle, which has a concave edge; opercle with one short spine, inner ridge of opercle and other head bones serrated; 28-34 gill rakers; dorsal fin with XI spines, continuous but deeply notched between last 2 spines, 13-15; anal with IV spines, 3rd  spine stoutest, it or 4th  longest, 11-13 rays; tail forked; scales large, very rough; lateral-line scales 34-40; 2.5 scale rows above lateral line.

Red, with darker scale margins and vague stripes on side; edge of gill cover and pectoral axil lacking black pigment.

Size: attains 18 cm.

Habitat: rocky shores.

Depth: 1-33 m.

Southern Baja to the Gulf of California to central Peru; Revillagigedos, Cocos, Malpelo and Galapagos.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic crustacea
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 33