Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Chaenomugil proboscideus, Snouted mullet

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deep body
~ flat between eyes
no fatty eyelid
lips thick, with papillae
lower lip folded down
teeth on lips, with long stems, tips notched
D2&A densely scaled

Chaenomugil proboscideus (Günther, 1861)

Snouted mullet

Body relatively deep, compressed; head pointed,  ~ flat between eyes; eyes without transparent fatty eyelid; bone below front of eye with serrated lower margin; mouth short, very oblique, opens at front; top and bottom lips thick and fleshy, a band of soft pavement-like papillae on each lip, lower lip folded down; without fleshy knob at tip of lower lips;  jaw teeth in bands, outer edges of lips with teeth; teeth small, slender, with forked, curved tips and long stems; two short, widely spaced dorsal fins, 1st  with IV slender spines,  2nd  I, 8; anal fin III, 10; pectorals high on body, 1st  ray hard, fin about 80% of head length; pelvics inserted behind pectoral base; weakly forked tail;  42-44 lateral scales; second dorsal and anal fins densely scaled; no lateral line.

Greenish or olive on back, silvery on sides, and white below; faint brownish stripes corresponding with scale rows on side.

Size: grows to 22 cm.

Habitat: occurs along rocky shorelines, also in tide pools.

Depth: 0-10 m.

Southern Baja to the central Gulf of California to Peru, and all the offshore islands except Malpelo.

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  • Freshwater
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Near Bottom
  • Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Water column
  • Rocks
  • Freshwater
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Herbivore
  • Detritivore
  • Detritus
  • Data
  • Benthic microalgae
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 22
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10