Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Zalieutes elater, Roundel batfish, Spotted batfish

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rostrum = triple cone
top head & body: numerous thorns
back: 2 ocelli

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Zalieutes elater (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)

Roundel batfish, Spotted batfish

Head depressed, not elevated above disc; disc rounded to triangular; mouth small; short fishing pole in small cavity overhung by a cone-shaped rostrum that points straight ahead, with an equal-sized cone flaring out on each side ( juveniles with a short horn), lure triangular, without lobes; gill rakers modified to long thin plates covered with teeth; no large spine at lower rear corner of operculum; tail long; body covered with many small and large tubercles, underside of tail covered with prickles and two rows of cones;  pectoral arm-like, well separated from body.

Brown on dorsal surface of head and body, whitish on ventral surface; a pair of black-rimmed orange ocelli (eye-spots) straddling middle of back.

Size: grows to 15 cm.

Inhabits sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 20-160 m.

California to the Gulf of California to Peru, Cocos.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 160