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Species: Daector schmitti, Schmitt's toadfish

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filaments: many, side & top head
tan + dark spots
3 dark saddles on back
D2 22; A 21

Daector schmitti Collette, 1968

Schmitt's toadfish

Body elongate, compressed, tapering to rear; head robust, flattened on top; relatively wide between eyes (7.1-7.7% of SL); hair-like filaments on head and body more numerous than on D. reticulata, generally extending below under-eye canal of head and below lateral line on body, reaching on back as far as 8th ray of second dorsal fin; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth canine like; operculum with 1 hollow, venomous spine at upper corner; snout to pectoral distance 36.7-37.1% of SL; 2 dorsal fins, first of two hollow, venomous spines;  dorsal rays II + 22; anal rays 21; pectoral rays 15-16; last dorsal and anal rays separate from caudal fin; pelvic fin length 18.9-20% of SL; single lateral line; without light organs; no scales.

Small specimens very similar in color to D. reticulata, larger specimens lose the interconnecting pale network and have pattern of small dark spots in combination with the 3 large dark saddles on the back.

Size: reaches at least 15 cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms near reefs.

Depth: 0.5-17 m.  

Costa Rica to W Panama.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Estuary
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Panamic province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 17
Length Max
  • 15