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Species: Batrachoides pacifici, Pacific toadfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

wide head
large eyes
filaments on snout
nape scales to before transverse canal
D 25-27; A 21-23
cheek: oblique bar

Batrachoides pacifici (Günther, 1861)

Pacific toadfish

Body elongate, depressed at front, compressed at rear; head broad, depressed; filaments on snout back to level of eyes; eyes large; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth pointed; 2 solid spines on upper opercle and 2 below and behind those; dorsal fin with 3 solid spines, spiny and soft parts joined; dorsal rays III + 25-27; anal rays 21-23; dorsal and anal fins not joined to tail fin; 12-14 glandular pores on membranes on inner side of pectoral fin; 2 lateral lines, the upper broken below middle portion of second dorsal fin and again below posterior most dorsal rays, no light organs; body covered with small imbedded scales; head and breast without scales; scales on nape reach before transverse lateral line canal on rear of head.

Generally brown, darker on back; belly whitish; body and dorsal fin with dark bars; a dark brown oblique bar sometimes evident on cheek.

Size: reaches 32 cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms adjacent to rocky areas, also occurs in tidepools.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Eastern Panama to northern Peru.

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  • Marine
  • Freshwater
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Freshwater
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Panamic province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 32
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 20