Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Batrachoides boulengeri, Boulenger's toadfish, Sorcerer toadfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

wide, depressed head
small eyes
no filaments between eyes
nape scales reach before transverse canal
dark saddles on back
D 28-30; A 26-27

Batrachoides boulengeri (Gilbert & Starks, 1904)

Sorcerer toadfish, Boulenger's toadfish

Body elongate, depressed at front, compressed at rear; head broad, depressed, without filaments between eyes; eyes small; mouth strongly oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth pointed; 2 strong solid spines on upper opercle and 2 more below and behind those; dorsal fin with 3 solid spines, spiny and soft parts joined; dorsal rays III + 28-30; anal rays 26-27; dorsal and anal fins not joined to tail fin; a conspicuous pore at base of 16th-19th interradial membranes on inner side of pectoral fin; 2 lateral lines, the upper broken below posterior third of second dorsal fin and continued below posterior most part of fin as 4-15 pores; no light organs; body covered with small imbedded scales; head and breast scaleless; scales on nape reach to before transverse lateral line canal on rear of head.

Generally brown with diffuse dark saddles on back; belly whitish.

Maximum size, 40 cm.

Inhabits bays and estuaries.

Depth: 1-30 m?


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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Panamic province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 30