Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Lepophidium prorates, Prow-spine cusk-eel, Spine-snout cusk-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body uniform
LL: dark streaks between pale pores
D & A black margins

Lepophidium prorates (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)

Spine-snout cusk-eel, Prow-spine cusk-eel

Elongate, eel-like, tapering at rear to a point at tail; head low, compressed; snout with well developed, curved spine at front; mouth large, broad, nearly horizontal; teeth on jaws small, simple, in bands, outer ones larger, no tooth patch on base of gill arches; gill rakers: 3 (3-4) rudiments above, 4 (4-5) developed rakers below + 4-8 (2-9) rudiments, total 11-15 (8-16); dorsal and anal fins low, confluent with tail; pectorals on midside; dorsal rays 127-133 (124-134); anal rays 107-112 (105-113); pectoral rays 21-24 (20-24); pelvics each of two small threads inserted under eye; scales round, small, in regular rows; head extensively covered with overlapping scales extending to between or before eyes, on cheeks and opercle.
 
Head & body pale grey grading to white ventrally; inside mouth, gill chamber & oesophagus pale; lateral line with black streaks between with whitish pores; margin of dorsal and anal fins black, wide in anal.
 
Size: to 32 cm.
 
Inhabits soft bottoms.
 
Depth: 3-367 m.
 
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru.
 

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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 31
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 367