Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Synodus evermanni, Inotted lizardfish, Sharpnose lizardfish, Spotted lizardfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

large eye
snout short, blunt point
LL 8-9 oval blotches
operculum dark blotch
chin knob
LL 45-50
A: 10-11, base < D base

Synodus evermanni Jordan & Bollman, 1890

Sharpnose lizardfish, Spotted lizardfish, Inotted lizardfish

Body moderately elongate; eye large; snout short, bluntly pointed; eye large; lower jaw  ending in a small fleshy knob; mouth large, slightly oblique, opens forwards; many rows fine pointed teeth on jaws, tongue and (in 1 band) on side of roof of mouth; gill membrane under operculum with 15-18 rays; fins without spines; one dorsal fin in midbody,12, with a small skin-flap fin behind it above anal fin, dorsal fin origin closer to adipose fin than snout tip; anal fin 10-11, its base shorter than base of dorsal fin; pelvics on abdomen behind pectoral base, with 8 rays, inner rays distinctly longer than outer rays; scales smooth; lateral-line scales 45-50; bases of rays of tail fin completely scaleless; lateral line straight, along entire body.
 
Greyish brown on back, silvery whitish on sides and lower part of body, with about 8-9 diffuse dark horizontal-oval blotches along lateral line;  operculum with a dark bluish-grey blotch; scales with narrow dark outlines; caudal fin dusky.
 
Size: reaches 48 cm.
 
Habitat: occurs on soft mud or sand bottoms, frequently captured by shrimp trawlers.
 
Depth: 10-300 m.
 
Central Baja and the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California to Peru.
  
 

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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 48
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 300