Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Bagre panamensis, Chihuil sea-catfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D1: no filament
long filaments: top barbel & pectoral



Bagre panamensis (Gill, 1863)

Chihuil sea-catfish

Body very robust; head shield with ridges, but without granules; lips absent except at corner of mouth; only two pairs of barbels; top barbel broad, ribbon-like, reaching as far as pelvic fins; palate teeth in four patches, but fused to form narrow, continuous band; gill rakers on first arch 5-7 + 12-14; none on posterior face of first arch dorsal rays I, 7, dorsal spine without filament; anal rays 25-30; pectoral rays I, 12-13, pectoral spine with long flattened filament reaching origin of anal fin .

Dark blue on back with brassy sheen, silvery on sides, and white below; fins dusky to pale.

Size: attains 57 cm.

Habitat: commonly caught by trawlers in coastal waters.

Depth: 0-177 m.

Southern California through the Gulf of California to northern Peru.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom only
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • No data
  • No pelagic phase
  • Brooded
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 57
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 177