Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Lile gracilis, Graceful herring, Graceful piquitinga, Slender piquitinga

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iris pale, pupil black
flank: narrow silver stripe
body depth 18-25% SL
D origin behind pelvic origin
C: top tip clear/dusky
pelvic 6; A 17-20
edge opercle no lobes

Lile gracilis Castro-Aguirre & Vivero, 1990

Graceful herring, Slender piquitinga, Graceful piquitinga

Elongate slender (body depth 18-25 % of SL), compressed; lower profile slightly convex to straight; mouth opens slightly up, oblique, short, top jaws without a central notch; no back-pointing spine on top front corner of main top-jaw bone; well developed bone above front of top jaw bone; first gill arch with 29-32 rakers; rear border of gill opening on body evenly rounded, without 2 fleshy lobes on shoulder below opening; operculum without bony crests; dorsal fin 17-18; origin of dorsal fin behind origin of pelvic fins; pelvics i, 6; anal fin 17-20 rays; pectoral 13-15 rays, small, sickle shaped; 34-36 scales in longitudinal series; belly with strong keel of scutes.

Body yellowish-green; head silver; iris pale, pupil black; a narrow silver stripe on flank, about 1 scale wide, ~ uniform width, beginning at level of pupil; scales on upper back with blackish borders, those at top most intensely colored and forming an indistinct black line; fins yellowish to clear; tail fin with tips clear or top tip dusky.

Size: 11.5 cm.

Habitat: coastal lagoons and estuaries, with sandy and muddy bottoms and low visibility.

Depth: 0-10 m.

Jalisco (Mexico) to Nicaragua.

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  • Freshwater
  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 11.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10