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Species: Trachyscorpia osheri, Galapagos thornyhead

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

humped back
red + black blotches - head, body & fins
top lip broad
pectoral: deeply notched, top rays longest, 22-23
pelvic spine long
longitudinal scales 59-60

Trachyscorpia osheri McCosker, 2008

Galapagos thornyhead

Body deep (depth 37-39% SL), arched, compressed; head large (47-48% SL), top profile slightly convex; snout short; head bones strong with well developed spines; large spines on top of head from between eyes to middle of nape; no pit on top of head behind eyes; eye large (14-15% SL), with 3 short, slender tentacles on top; mouth large, slightly oblique, reaches to nearly under rear edge of eye; top and bottom jaws ~equal, lower jaw with front knob; top jaw with well developed lip covering most of side of front jaw bone; jaw teeth simple, in bands; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; longitudinal crest under eye with 5-6 spines; preopercle with 5 spines, 1st spine longest (15.9% SL) & with a small supplemental spine;  opercle with 2 minute spines; small slit behind 4th gill arch; gill rakers 5+11; dorsal fin XII, 3rd spine longest, 9 branched rays; anal fin III, 5-6 branched rays; pectoral not wedge shaped, fin bilobed, deeply notched, longest rays at top, 22-23, upper rays branched, lower rays fleshy in large fish; pelvic spine relatively long, 15-17% SL; body scales rough on sides, smooth below; scales on cheek, and between and behind eyes; no scales on side of rear top jaw bone; ~59-60 scale rows in longitudinal series; lateral line with tubed scales, complete, extending to base of tail fin, 22-24 pored scales; no swim bladder.

Head and body reddish; two blackish bars down and back from eye; a black saddle under spinous dorsal, under soft dorsal and on tail base; black marks on top of head; the center of the pectoral fin, center of spinous dorsal & center of soft dorsal with black blotches.

Reaches 18.1 cm.

Lives on deep slopes with rocks and sand.

Depth range: 402-515 m.

Known only from the Galapagos.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Galapagos Islands endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 18.1
Depth Range Min
  • 402
Depth Range Max
  • 515