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Species: Sebastes spinorbis, Spiny-eye rockfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

pink to orange-red
back - green lines + 6 pale spots
spines on & under lower edge eye
spine above center eye
gill rakers 29-33
inside mouth & gill chamber dusky
pectoral 18

Sebastes spinorbis Chen, 1975

Spiny-eye rockfish

Body compressed, oval; head relatively large, compressed, bluntly pointed; eye moderately large; between eyes narrow, with 3 grooves; head spines strong; top of head with 5 pairs of spines, present over center of eye; spines on and under lower edge of eye; lower edge of bone below eye & above front side of mouth with 2 spines pointing down; no spiny longitudinal ridge under eye; round, down-pointing knob at front of lower jaws; numerous small conical teeth on jaws; teeth present on roof of mouth; gill rakers 29-33; a single dorsal fin, usually strongly notched at the rear of the spiny part, XIII strong, venomous spines, 4th spine longest,13 (13-14) soft rays; anal fin III, spines long, strong,  2nd spine longest, 5-6 (5-7); pelvics I, 5, under pectorals; pectorals large, 18 (15-18); tail fin  slightly concave; lateral line with 33-38 pored scales, last one on base of tail fin; scales small, rough.

Adults: head, body and fins pink to red, with orange tones; back above lateral line with a row of 6 pale blotches; green blotches & wormy lines often on operculum and back above lateral line; membranes of soft dorsal, tail and pectoral fins dusky; gill cavity and inside mouth dusky; lining of gut cavity black.

Reaches 34.4 cm; 45 years?

Lives on rocky bottoms.

Depth range: 130-200 m.

The central Gulf of California.   

Note: We have not included S. peduncularis and S. varispinnis, both of which are known only from a very few juveniles, and could be synonyms of S. cortezi and S. diploproa, respectively.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Reef only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Live birth
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Cortez province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 200
Depth Range Min
  • 130
Length Max
  • 34.4