Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Cynoscion nortoni, Hake weakfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

large head & eye
D X-XI+ I, 23-26
C edge: straight/pointed
in mouth & gill chamber black
pectoral long
soft D & A: few basal scales
body scales rough

Cynoscion nortoni Bearez, 2001

Hake weakfish

Elongate, fusiform, compressed, oval cross-section; head long (33.5-36.2% SL), pointed; eye large (17.2-19.6% of head length); mouth a little oblique, reaches to nearly rear edge of eye, lower jaw a little projecting; front of top jaws with 1 pair of large pointed canines; no barbels or pores on chin; gill rakers 6-7+9-11; preopercle soft to touch, with small, weak spines at margin; dorsal fin with long base, a small gap separating the two parts, X-XI + I, 23-26 anal II (short, weak), 9-10, small; pectoral fins 17-18, relatively long, 62.5% of head length; rear margin of tail straight to bluntly pointed; scales rough on body, smooth on head, 54-56 on lateral line, 8 scales between lateral line and dorsal origin; membranes of soft dorsal and anal fins with a few basal scales, but no scale sheath; lateral line arched at front.

Uniform mid-grey, darker above; tip of lower jaw black; inside mouth, tongue and gill chamber black;  pectorals, pelvics and anal fins whitish, dorsal fin grey; tail fin blackish; upper half of axil of pectoral fin black.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: offshore, continental shelf, on bottom and midwater.

Depth: 100-265 m.

Eastern Panama to northern Peru.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Panamic province endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 100
Depth Range Max
  • 285