Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Engraulis mordax, California anchovy, Northern anchovy

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate, rounded
lower gill rakers 37-45
top jaw to near edge preoperculum, pointed
lower jaw tip under nostril
pectoral short
A 13-20, origin under end D

Engraulis mordax Girard, 1854

California anchovy, Northern anchovy

Body elongated, rounded; snout long, sharply pointed, prominent; top jaw moderate, reaching almost to rear edge preoperculum, with pointed tip; tip of bottom jaw reaching under nostril; fine teeth on lower jaw; gill filament on body under gill cover large, reaching onto inner surface of gill cover; membrane under throat between gill covers not expanded at rear; gill rakers fine and slender, 37-45 lower rakers, third gill arch with rakers on rear surface; dorsal fin origin in mid-body; pectoral short, not reaching pelvics; anal fin short (iii, 13-20), origin under or just behind last dorsal ray.

Silver stripe along flank in young fish only.

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: marine, coastal pelagic, usually within 30km of shore.

Depth: 0-310 m.

Temperate; British Colombia to the Gulf of California.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Phytoplankton
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • California province, primarily
  • Continent
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 310
Length Max
  • 25