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Species: Sciaena callaensis, Callao drum

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nape profile rounded
mouth opens well below eye
jaw teeth - narrow bands, outer teeth close-set, elongate
A short

Sciaena callaensis Hildebrand, 1946

Callao drum

Body elongated; forehead profile straight; nape elevated and convex in profile, back moderately high; eye small; snout overhangs slightly oblique mouth that is well below eye level, mouth ends under rear edge of pupil; teeth on upper jaws in a narrow band, outer teeth close set and elongated, those on lower jaws in 2 major rows, inner row larger; chin without barbels; preoperculum smooth; 22-23 short gill rakers; dorsal fin X + I, 21-23, deeply notched between 2 parts, 4th  spine is the largest, soft dorsal with slightly convex border; anal fin with short base, slightly concave rear margin, 2nd  spine slender, ~ 2/3 length of 1st  ray, 9 rays; pectoral reaches well past pelvic tips; tail edge distinctly concave, pointed tips; scales rough, relatively large, 56-57 on lateral line, 5-6 rows between lateral line and 1st  dorsal spine.

Silvery grey-brown, paler below; scales on sides with dark streaks; fins grey;  inner base of pectoral black; inside operculum pale.

Size: 34 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-50m?

Perú: Paita to Callao.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • All species
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Continent only
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
Residency
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Critically endangered
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 43
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 50