Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Stellifer minor, Minor stardrum

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head firm
lines along scale rows
D XIII-XIV
chin - small knob, 6 pores
preopercle 5-8 spines
31-39 gill rakers
A 11

Stellifer minor (Tschudi, 1846)

Minor stardrum

Body oblong, robust, more or less compressed; head robust, front of nape a little concave, skull cavernous, translucent, but not spongy to touch, wide between eyes; snout blunt; mouth large, oblique; teeth in villiform bands, those in outer row of upper jaw enlarged; chin with 6 pores, a small knob separating the central pair, no barbels; snout with 8 pores; margin of preopercle with 5-8 strong spines, that at angle enlarged and directed downward; gill rakers long and slender, 31-39; dorsal rays X-XI + II-III, 19-22; deep notch between spiny and soft parts of dorsal fin; anal fin with short base II, 11 (10-12), 2nd  spine 2/3 length of 1st  ray; tail margin straight; scales rough on body and head, smooth on chin and fins; soft dorsal and anal fins covered with smooth scales; lateral line pores 46-48.

Silvery,dark lines along scale rows of body; fins dusky yellow, tip of 1st  dorsal black; inner pectoral base black; pelvic and anal fins yellow-orange; inside mouth plain to reddish; inner surface of operculum dark.

Size: to 25 cm.

Inhabits coastal waters on sand bottoms.

Depth: 1-20 m.

Paita (northern Peru) to Valparaiso, Chile.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Peruvian province, primarily
Residency
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 200
Length Max
  • 25