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Species: Syngnathus carinatus, Cortez pipefish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout 56-63% of head
D long base, 40-46
trunk rings 16-18
chain pattern: green-brown + white edges of plates
operculum: no ridges
A 2-4
large C

Syngnathus carinatus (Gilbert, 1892)

Cortez pipefish

Snout slender, long, 56-63% of head ; head length 7.1-8.6 in SL; ridge along top of snout and head low, no spines along side of snout; adult with no ridge along upper operculum; ridge along side of body ends at level near anus; upper ridge of body discontinuous with that of tail just behind dorsal fin; ridges along bottom of body and tail joined; body ridges not elevated, finely toothed; body and tail rings 16-18+ 39-43; no skin flaps; anal fin 2-4; dorsal fin 40-46, fin low, its origin on trunk; pectoral fin 13-15; tail fin large, 10; brood pouch under tail, its plates folded inwards .

Green to brown, with white lines surrounding plates form a chainlink pattern; operculum and pectoral base silvery.

Reaches 21 cm.

On sand bottoms.

Depth 0-36 m.

Endemic to the upper Gulf of California.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Beach
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No data
  • Brooded
  • No pelagic phase
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Cortez province endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Northern Gulf of California endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 36