Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Paraconger californiensis, California conger, Ringeye conger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

iris - dark ring
behind eye - dark blotch
D & A: dark + white margins
tail ~ 2/3 TL
jaws: outer teeth form cutting edge
rear nostril: hole just before eye
LL: 38-46 pores before anus

Paraconger californiensis Kanazawa, 1961

Ringeye conger, California conger

Body stout, ~ cylindrical; tail ~ 2/3 TL; snout rounded, tapered; eye large (~ snout length); flanges on lips on sides of both jaws; hollowed out area behind top flange not divided in 2 by vertical partition; front nostril tubular, near tip of snout, points forward & to side, with small pore behind; rear nostril a hole before and slightly below center of eye, with small pore above; mouth large, reaching below posterior part of eye; jaw teeth in 1-2 irregular rows above, with a squarish patch in center, 1-2 rows at rear of lower jaw; outer row of jaw teeth compressed, tips pointed, in contact at bases, forming cutting edge; dorsal origin over pectoral fin; pectoral fin well developed, rays 15-18;  top of gill opening above top of pectoral fin base; tip of tail stiff, with short tail fin; pores in lateral line before anus 38-46.

Pale tan with white margin on dorsal and anal fins; iris with a dark ring; a dark blotch immediately behind eye.

Size: grows to at least 60 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 15-70 m.

The Gulf of California to northern Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Island (s)
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 60
Depth Range Min
  • 15
Depth Range Max
  • 70