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Species: Cynoponticus coniceps, Cone-head pike-conger, Conehead eel, Red pike-conger

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head conical
mouth long
D origin before large pectoral
olive + dark fins
teeth strong
roof mouth - row large triangular teeth

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Cynoponticus coniceps (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)

Conehead Eel, Cone-head Pike-conger, Red Pike-conger

Heavy bodied; head conical; tail ~ 60% of TL; large, skin-covered eyes; front nostril tubular; rear nostril an elliptical hole before mid-eye; large teeth and strong jaws; teeth in multiple rows on jaws, 3 rows on roof of mouth with central row of ~15 much enlarged, triangular; large teeth at front of lower jaw fit into a notch on underside of snout; gill openings large, crescentic, low on side, nearly meet below; well developed pectorals centered on the upper edge of the gill openings; well developed dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin, the dorsal origin over or just before the gill opening; conspicuous lateral line runs the length of the body, opens through systems of multiple pores; no pores apparent on head.

Olive brown to greyish above and whitish below; dorsal and anal fins pale grey to brownish with dark margin.

Size: reaches 202 cm.

Habitat: sandy and muddy bottoms.

Depth: 10-100 m.

The Gulf of California to northern Peru.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 202
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 100