Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Echiophis brunneus, Fangjaw eel, Pacific spoon-nose eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eyes small, forward, high
light brown + many small dark spots
long mouth, large fangs
pectoral large, black



Echiophis brunneus (Castro-Aguirre & Suárez de los Cobos, 1983)

Fangjaw Eel, Pacific Spoon-nose Eel

Body stout, cylindrical; tail 52-57% of TL; snout short, conical; mouth long, jaws nearly equal; lips without barbels; eye moderate, far forward and near top of head profile; front nostril tubular, rear nostril a short tube before and under eye; gill opening vertical, on side, elongate; teeth strong, pointed, in double series on jaws and roof of mouth, largest are fangs at and near front, those on roof of mouth nearly continuous with those at front between top jaws; dorsal fin origin behind pectoral tips; tail tip blunt and finless; pectoral large and rounded.

Overall tan with numerous small brown spots on back and sides; dorsal fin brown.

Size: grows to at least 140 cm.

Habitat: muddy and sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-10 m.

The Gulf of California to Ecuador.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Length Max
  • 140