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Species: Bascanichthys panamensis, Panama sand-eel

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head: white + brown mottling, pores in white spots
body light brown
white D
tail < 1/2 TL

Bascanichthys panamensis Meek & Hildebrand, 1923

Panama sand-eel

Body elongate; head and trunk 51-57% of TL; front nostril tubular, rear nostril opens in mouth; head skin rough; eye small; snout short, blunt, grooved on underside; jaw teeth small, conical, in 1 row on jaws, 2 rows on roof of mouth; teeth between top jaws exposed when mouth is closed;  gill opening crescent-like, at lower side;  dorsal and anal fins low; dorsal origin before gill opening; tip of tail hard and finless; pectoral fin present as a small narrow flap behind the upper half of the gill opening.

Body light brown; whitish dorsal fin; head largely whitish with brown markings; lateral line pores on head in white spots.

Size: to at least 76 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 0-30 m.

The Gulf of California to Panama.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 76
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 30