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Species: Gymnothorax verrilli, White-edged moray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

slender
D: high, border black & white
pale brown, finely freckled
A: white margin

Gymnothorax verrilli (Jordan & Gilbert, 1883)

White-edged moray

Body slender; tail about 1/2 TL; head ~ 31% of trunk length; eyes large, nearer end of mouth than front; front nostril a short tube; rear nostril a hole at skin level over front of eye; mouth 1/3 of head length; lower jaw curved, so mouth does not close completely; jaw teeth conical, straight to slightly curved and compressed, not serrated; top jaw with 3 rows of teeth at front, 1 series along side; teeth on roof of mouth in 1 short row; gill opening small, a little wider than eye; dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but evident, dorsal high (greatest height > ½ body depth), with origin midway between gill opening and eye.
 
Preserved fish: Pale brown, finely freckled; dorsal with black border, narrow white margin; anal with white border.
 
Size: 45 cm.
 
Habitat: sand and mud bottoms.
 
Depth: 0-10 m.
 
Costa Rica and Panama and southern Baja California.
 

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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • All species
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10