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Species: Gymnomuraena zebra, Zebra moray

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black + white bars



Gymnomuraena zebra (Shaw, 1797)

Zebra Moray

Tail short, ~ 1/3 of TL; teeth close set, molar-like, in 2-3 rows on lower jaw, in continuous pavement on top jaw and on roof of mouth; gill opening a small hole on mid-side; dorsal and anal fully but poorly developed; dorsal fin origin before gill opening; tip of tail blunt with a skin-covered fin.

Brown to nearly blackish with narrow whitish bars.

Size: attains 150 cm, but common to 100 cm.

Habitat: rocky and rubble bottoms.

Depth 1-50 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas; the Gulf of California to Ecuador.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Corals
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans)
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 150
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 50