Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Enchelynassa canina, Longfang moray, Viper moray

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nostrils: front = tube + flap, rear = cup
large canines
dark grey-brown



Enchelynassa canina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Longfang moray, Viper moray

Front nostril a short tube with a long 2-lobed flap at rear end; rear nostril above front of eye, large, oval and cup-like, with a raised rim;  jaws long, arched so do not shut completely; extremely long canine teeth at front of jaws, and inner row on side of upper jaw; dorsal and anal fins developed as skin-covered ridges, but clearly evident; dorsal origin before gill opening; skin with narrow irregular ridges.

Dark brownish grey with vertical thin blackish lines in grooves on skin; each pore along side of jaws in a small pale to whitish spot.

Size: reported to 250 cm.

Habitat: rocky bottoms.

Depth: 2-20 m.

Widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific; in the eastern Pacific it is known from Clipperton Island and the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Corals
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • All species
  • Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • All species
  • Island (s)
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 250
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 20