Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Anarchias galapagensis, Hardtail moray, Minute moray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

above eye: rear nostril (a hole) + a pore
D & A: low crests, at rear of tail
tail: tip hard, pointed
brown + white stars;
tail tip white

Anarchias galapagensis (Seale, 1940)

Hardtail Moray, Minute Moray

Elongate, slender, compressed; snout short, conical, broad; eye slightly before middle of jaw; jaws about equal sized; teeth conical, two rows at front of jaws, one row on sides; front nostril tubular, pointing forward; rear nostril a hole above eye, closely associated with a large pore, giving the appearance of a double nostril opening; dorsal and anal fins scarcely apparent, developed only as skin-covered ridges near tip of tail; tip of tail hard and pointed.

Brown with starshaped whitish blotches; tip of tail white.

Size: reaches about 17 cm.

Habitat: rocky areas.

Depth: 0-61 m.

Gulf of California to the Galapagos.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Corals
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 17
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 61