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Species: Neoconger vermiformis, Smalleye spaghetti-eel

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snout overhangs mouth
D origin just before anus
LL ends near anus
head pores on lower jaw only
pectoral small, above gill opening

Neoconger vermiformis Gilbert, 1890

Smalleye Spaghetti Eel

Elongate, worm-like; head long (~ 1/5 length of body), pointed snout slightly overhangs mouth; eye small, skin covered; mouth ~ 1/3 head length; teeth small, conical, in single rows on jaws, 2 rows on front of vomer and 1 row at rear; nostrils are holes, rear one immediately before middle of eye; dorsal begins a little before anus; median fins continuous, evident near end of tail; tail about half TL; pectoral present, small, behind top of vertical, lateral gill opening; lateral line on body to level of anus.

Yellowish-olive on body and fins, finely dotted with black .

Size: 35 cm.

Habitat: burrows in sand and mud bottoms.

Depth: 5-65 m.

The Gulf of California to Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Freshwater
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 65