Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

EspaƱol  Contact

Species: Peprilus simillimus, Pacific butterfish, Pacific pompano

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout > eye
D & A front short, angular
D III, 43-47; A 38-41
vertebrae 30-31

Peprilus simillimus (Ayres, 1860)

Pacific butterfish, Pacific pompano

Body highly compressed, an elongate oval, shallow to moderately deep, (depth 37-52% of SL); eye large, surrounded by a fatty right; snout ~ eye length or longer; mouth small, oblique, ends before or under front of eye; jaw teeth compressed, 3-pointed, in 1 row, no teeth on roof of mouth; gill rakers 23-27; dorsal and anal fins long based, front lobes only slightly raised in a blunt point, anal much lower than dorsal; dorsal rays III, 43-47 (41-48); anal rays II, 38-41 (35-44);  no pelvic fins but a small spine projecting from pelvis; pectorals long and pointed, 19-23, usually 21 rays; tail fin deeply forked, stiff; scales very small, smooth, very easily shed; dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; lateral line high, follows upper body profile, almost complete; 30-31 vertebrae.

Iridescent blue-green above, silvery below.

Size: attains 36cm.

Inhabits sand bottoms of exposed coasts.

Depth: 9-91 m.

British Columbia to southern Baja and the west and northeast of the Gulf of California.

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Data
  • Pelagic jellyfish/ctenophores
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • California province, primarily
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 36
Depth Range Min
  • 9
Depth Range Max
  • 91