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Species: Exocoetus peruvianus, Peruvian flyingfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

D 13-14, light grey
pectorals reagch C, light grey + clear margin
pelvics clear, C grey
D to LL - 7 scale rows
gill rakers 22-30
pelvic short, near pectoral
juvenile - humped nape, no barbels

Exocoetus peruvianus Parin and Shakhovskoy, 2000

Peruvian flyingfish

Elongate, broadly cylindrical bodies; head short, snout short and blunt; mouth small, lower jaw a little longer than upper jaw; no teeth; 22-30 gill rakers; fins without spines; dorsal 13-14 rays; anal 13-14 rays; pectoral reaches to tail fin base, its 1st  ray unbranched; pelvic fin with origin nearer pectoral base than anal origin, fin short, not reaching anal origin; anal origin under or behind 3rd dorsal ray; tail deeply forked with a longer lower lobe; lateral line low on the body, no branch to origin of pectoral; scales large, smooth, easily shed; normally 7 rows of scales between dorsal origin and lateral line; 18-22 scales before dorsal fin; juveniles with nape hump and no chin barbels.

Color: iridescent blue above, silvery below; dorsal fin light grey, anal fin clear, pectoral fin light brown or gray with a light margin along the rear and lower edge; pelvics clear, tail grey. Juveniles: dark bars on the trunk; pelvics dark.

Size: 24 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: surface, 0-20 m.

Ecuador to southern Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 24
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 20