Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Anchoa helleri, Gulf anchovy, Heller's anchovy

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout ~ eye, pointed
stripe > eye at rear
top jaw onto interopercle, pointed
lower gill rakers 16-21
pectoral short
A base short, 17-21, origin just behind center D

Anchoa helleri (Hubbs, 1921)

Gulf anchovy, Heller's anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout relatively long, blunt; upper jaw long, tip bluntly pointed, reaching onto interopercle; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; third gill arch with a few short rakers on its rear face; 16-21 lower gill rakers; no large canine teeth; dorsal fin origin in mid-body; anal fin with short base, iii, 17-21 (rarely 23) rays, origin a little behind center of dorsal base; pectorals short, not reaching pelvics;pelvics reach under dorsal origin.

Grey-green above; silver stripe on flank > eye diameter overal anal fin.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal over sand and gravel bottoms.

Depth: 0-10 m?.

The Gulf of California.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Pelagic fish eggs
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Cortez + Mexican provinces endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10