Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Lophiodes spilurus, Threadfin goosefish, Threadfin anglerfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

lure - simple bulb
D spines II-III black, + row cirri
C: many scattered small clear spots
pectoral edge clear

Lophiodes spilurus (Garman, 1899)

Threadfin goosefish, Threadfin anglerfish

Head and front of body flattened, broad, body narrowing behind, head with bony prickles; ridge from top of eye to snout smooth; mouth large, with large sharp teeth; eyes in top of head; body and fins covered with tiny cirri; dorsal spines and rays I + I + I + III / 8; 1st  spine with a simple bulb-like  "lure", 2nd  and 3rd  spines with row of small papilla along front edge;  anal rays 6; pectoral fins limb-like, 16-17 (15-18); gill opening large, behind and extending in front of pectoral base; skin very thin and loose.

Uniform dark to brown; pectoral fins with clear outer edges; 2nd  and 3rd  dorsal spines black; tail fin frequently with small clear spots; lining of gut cavity dark.

Size: to about 35.4 cm.

Habitat: sandy and muddy bottoms.

Depth: 80-475 m.

Southern California to the lower Gulf of California to Chile; the Galapagos and Cocos.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 35.4
Depth Range Min
  • 80
Depth Range Max
  • 475