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Species: Narcine leoparda, Leopard electric-ray

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dark + white spots/ocelli
C: white spots

Narcine leoparda de Carvalho, 2001

Leopard electric-ray

Elongate, oval to rounded disc that is about as wide as long; electric organ beside eye, originating just before front of eye; pectorals slightly overlapping front of pelvic fins; tail shorter than disc; spiracles without papillae on rims; 1 pair of nasal openings; teeth largely exposed when tubular mouth is closed; second dorsal fin usually slightly larger than first; lateral folds on tail originate under first dorsal fin; tail fin angular, relatively tall, rear edge ~ straight.

Upper surface red-brown with numerous small creamy white round to oval spots and/or pale-centered ocelli that are not fused into irregular blotches, most of these spots may be lost in large specimens; dorsal and tail fins with white spots; lower surface cream, with a light brown edge in larger specimens.

Size: 36 cm.

Habitat: found on soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-33 m.

Known only from southern Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Near threatened
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 36
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 33