Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Paranebris bauchotae, Goose-billed croaker

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C long, rhomboidal
toothless notch - front top jaw
top & bottom teeth not touching
preoperculum covered with skin



Paranebris bauchotae Chao, Bearez & Robertson, 2001

Goose-billed croaker

Elongate, somewhat compressed body; head large, triangular, wide and flat between eyes, top of head covered with thick scaly skin and not spongy to touch; a long blunt snout; eye small; mouth large (extends just past eye), lower jaw slightly projecting; tip of lower jaw with 2 pores and a central knob; toothless skin-covered gap at front of top jaws; teeth short, conical to flat, tightly packed in a patch that is like sandpaper to touch, tooth bands on top jaw do not converge at front, those on bottom jaw do, when mouth is closed top jaw tooth bands are exposed at each side and enclose the lower jaw, hence the teeth of the top and bottom jaws do not touch; gill rakers long and slender on sides, short and knob-like in center; preopeculum margin smooth; a bony scaly flap over top edge of gill cover; dorsal fin X, 21; anal fin with short base, II short spines, 8 rays; tail fin long, rhomboidal; pectoral moderately long, extends slightly beyond tip of pelvic; scales large, rough on body and fins, smooth on head (except a few rough scales on opercle), dorsal and anal with 1-2 rows of scales along base; lateral line scales that have pores have branching canals; 47-48 lateral line scales.

Medium silvery grey, with 4 faint bars along top of back and tail base; fins dark blackish grey; part of lateral line on body pinkish grey; inside gill cavity with dark lining; inside mouth pale.

Size: 28 cm.

Habitat: on soft bottoms in estuaries.

Depth: 5-10 m.

Known only from the Gulf of San Miguel, eastern Panama.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 28
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 10