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Species: Poeciliopsis turrubarensis, Barred livebearer, Turraba toothcarp

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

flank: 6-10 dark bars
dark line - anus to C
D: I, 7
gill rakers: 15-22
male sex organ very long, + hooks, tip curved forward

Poeciliopsis turrubarensis (Meek, 1912)

Barred livebearer, Turraba toothcarp

Body elongate (depth ~ 29% of SL), upper head profile straight; head small, rounded; eye 1/3 of head length; mouth small, relatively narrow, with small side clefts; outer series of teeth larger; 15-22 gill rakers; dorsal fin I, 7, origin over last rays of anal fin; pectoral about as long as head, generally not reaching to middle of pelvic fin; anal fin II+ 6-8, rounded; fins larger in male; pelvic rays 7 & 8 distorted, converging or in contact at midlength;  male sex organ a tube on left side formed by folded anal fin rays, long (reaches to or nearly to the base of the tail fin) and slender, organ long ( ~ 2x head length), with ~ 16 hooks along the rear edge of the shaft, tip of shaft curved forward; scales smooth, 27-30 in lateral series, 7 rows above lateral line.

Both sexes olive above, grey below; 6-10 well defined dark bars on flanks of front ¾ of body; dark line along midline from anal fin to tail fin; fins plain dusky, or pelvics tinged with yellow; males with yellow belly.

Size: reaches 9 cm (males are much smaller than females).

Habitat: lives in fresh, brackish and saltwater, in coastal lagoons and rivers.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Ranges from Mexico (Jalisco) to Colombia.

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  • Non Marine
  • Freshwater
  • Brackish
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Surface
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Mangrove
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Detritivore
  • No Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Detritus
  • Insects
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • Live birth
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 9
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5