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Species: Halichoeres salmofasciatus, Red-striped wrasse

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IP white + 2 red stripes, dark ear-spot & tail spot
TP: olive + dark stripe + C - dark border

Halichoeres salmofasciatus Allen and Robertson, 2002

Red-striped wrasse

Elongate, compressed; 1 pair of enlarged canines at front of upper and lower jaws; no large canine at rear of top jaw; dorsal fin IX, 12; anal rays III, 12; pectoral rays 14; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 27 pored scales.

IP: white with 2 salmon colored stripes - 1 from snout, through the eye to end of caudal peduncle, a narrower one along the mid-dorsal line, from head to tail base; 2 prominent black spots, one at the operculum, the other on the tail base; fins mainly clear; juveniles have a similar color, but with a black and white ocellus on the middle of the dorsal fin. TP: upper half olive, an indistinct darker stripe along mid-flank; cheeks yellow behind eye, with dark blotch on rear of operculum; iris red; tail orange, with outer 1/3 charcoal.

Size: 12 cm.

Habitat: rubble and sand.

Depth: 5-35 m.

Endemic to Isla del Coco.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Cocos Island endemic
  • TEP oceanic island (s) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Island (s) only
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Vulnerable
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 5
Depth Range Max
  • 35