Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Gymnothorax meleagris, Guineafowl moray, White-mouth moray

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dark brown, + dense small yellow spots
inside mouth white

Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw & Nodder, 1795)

Guineafowl moray, White-mouth moray

Robust; anus a little before mid-length; front nostril a simple tube; posterior nostril a hole at level of profile of head; lower jaw straight, mouth closes completely; teeth sharp, teeth sharp, pointed, not serrated, in jaws mostly in 2 rows, those across front of top jaws in 5 rows, with a row of larger canines in middle; dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but very evident; origin of dorsal midway between gill opening and corner of mouth.

Body and fins yellowish-brown to brown with numerous small, dark-bordered white spots, dense on head, becoming sparser at rear; tip of tail white; gill opening in black blotch; inside of mouth white .

Size: 120 cm.

Habitat: rocky and coral reefs.

Depth: 1-64 m.

Indo-Pacific; vagrant at the Galapagos and Cocos.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP non-endemic
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans)
Regional Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 120
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 64