Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Himantura pacifica, Pacific stingray, Pacific whipray, Pacific chupare, Pacific whiptail stingray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

disc oval
tail long, + low ventral keel

Himantura pacifica (Beebe & Tee-Van, 1941)

Pacific whiptail stingray, Pacific chupare, Pacific whipray, Pacific stingray

Head continuous with disc; disc a rounded rhomboid, wider than long, evenly rounded at front; snout length less than or equal to distance between spiracles, with small, somewhat pointed, protuberance at tip; nostrils with a large fringed curtain between them and the mouth; floor of the mouth has fleshy papillae; upper disc uniformly covered with small flattened denticles, large tubercles on shoulders; but without large thorns; no dorsal or tail fins; tail long, slender, 1-2 venomous spines, not depressed at base, without dorsal fin fold, with a very low keel on underside.

Dark purplish brown to black on upper surface, pale underside.

Size: width of disc to 62 cm and maximum TL of 157 cm.

Inhabits silty or muddy bottoms.

Depth: to 30 m.

Southern Mexico to Colombia.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 62
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 30