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Species: Lagocephalus lagocephalus, Oceanic puffer

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elongate
D & A pointed
C concave
dark above
flank silver + black spots
pectoral - dark above, white below
juv: 9 bars

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Lagocephalus lagocephalus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Oceanic Puffer

Body elongate, inflatable; snout longer than distance between eyes; eyes high on sides of head; nasal organs consist of 2 holes on side of snout; jaws are a beak composed of 4 fused heavy powerful teeth with a central suture on each jaw; mouth small, beak projecting; a slit-like gill opening in front of the pectoral fin base; a single short- based dorsal fin at rear of body; a similar-shaped anal fin below the dorsal; dorsal fin (13-15) and anal fin (11-13) both pointed; pectoral fins 13-16; no pelvic fins; no spines in the fins; tail base slender (depth < ½ length); tail fin slightly concave, lower lobe longer, with 10 main rays; tough scaleless skin; body smooth except for small spines from chin to anus and on belly.

Upper body and head dark green, brownish grey or dark blue; flanks silver with black spots; white belly; fins dark, lower 1/3 of pectoral white; Juvenile with 9 dark bars.

Size: 61 cm.

Habitat: pelagic, oceanic, but may enter estuaries.

Depth: 0-483 m.

CIrcumtropical; California to Ecuador (except for the Gulf of California) and the oceanic islands.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore Only
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Zooplankton
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West)
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 483
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Length Max
  • 61