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Species: Sufflamen verres, Orange-side triggerfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

brown above, orange below
juvenile spotted
yellow bar under & behind mouth
cheek - thin oblique dark lines

Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904)

Orange-side triggerfish

Body oblong, robust, compressed; cheeks with well developed longitudinal grooves; distinct groove before eye and below nostril; a small mouth that opens at the front, with powerful jaws made up of 8 heavy, outer teeth on the upper and lower jaws, teeth notched, uneven in size; gill opening a short slit on side before pectoral base; III dorsal spines, 1st  can be locked erect, 2nd  > ½ the size of 1st; soft dorsal and anal of uniform height, not higher at front; most rays of dorsal, anal and pectoral fins branched; dorsal rays III + 30-33; anal rays 27-30; pectoral rays 14- 15; enlarged tubercles on tail base and rear body; tail straight to slightly concave; pelvic fins externally reduced to 4 pairs of large scales encasing end of pelvis; thick leathery skin, with regularly arranged diagonal scale plates; snout completely scaled; a group of large, partly separated bony scales that form a thick membrane immediately behind gill opening; lateral line inconspicuous.

Dark brown on upper half of body, light brown to yellowish orange on head and lower side of body; a thin oblique yellow bar from rear corner of mouth across lower part of head; cheek with narrow black stripes; juveniles  with dark brown spots and broken lines on upper half of body.

Size: grows to 40 cm.

Inhabits rocky reefs.

Depth: 3-35 m.

Central Baja California to the lower 2/3 of the Gulf of California, to Ecuador, and all the oceanic islands.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 3
Depth Range Max
  • 35