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Species: Pleuronichthys ritteri, Spotted turbot

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eyes small, crest between them low, no rear spine
3 dark spots
tail base: narrow
lips with folds
gill rakers 14
D origin on blind side

Pleuronichthys ritteri Starks & Morris, 1907

Spotted turbot

Body widest in middle;  eyes on the right side of the head, upper eye relatively small (6.3-8.1% of SL); ridge between eyes relatively low, without spine at each end; a small, asymmetric mouth; lips with transverse folds; teeth concentrated on blind-side of mouth; teeth on both jaws of eye side; no teeth on roof of mouth; 14 (12-17) gill rakers; border of the preoperculum free, very evident; dorsal fin origin under blind side; dorsal 61-72 rays; anal 44-49 rays; eye-side pectoral 9 rays; pelvic fins symmetric, inserted on both sides of the body; tail base relatively narrow (minimum is 18-23% of body height); lateral lines on both sides of the body, without an arch over the pectoral, originates above eye, with a branch under the lower eye and long branch extending back along under the dorsal fin; lateral line scales ~ 89.

Brown to grey-brown with light speckles; usually 1 dark blotch on midbody centered on the lateral line, two small dark blotches at base of last rays of dorsal and anal fins; blind side white.

Size: reaches 30 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms, especially in bays.

Depth: 1-97 m.

California to southern Baja California.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • California province, primarily
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 97