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Species: Citharichthys mariajorisae, Five-rayed sanddab, Maria Joris' sanddab

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head 22-28% SL
body deep (>50% SL)
D & A: alternating dark & clear blotches
LL 41 (39-45)
scales easily shed
pelvic 5
D 83 (79-90); A 63 (59-69)

Citharichthys mariajorisae Van der Heiden & Mussot-Perez, 1995

Five-rayed sanddab, Maria Joris' sanddab

Body moderately deep (height > 50% of SL); head small, length ~ 22-28% of SL; snout short, protruding; eyes on left side (uncommonly on right side), close together, ~ parallel, ridge over lower eye; mouth medium length, 39% of head length, ends under rear part of lower eye; blind side jaws not arched; teeth ~ equally developed on both sides of jaws, in 1 series of immovable teeth on each jaw, no canines but front teeth a little enlarged; gill rakers slender, moderately long, 15-17 lower rakers; 83 (79-90)  dorsal rays; 63 (59-69) anal rays; eye side pectoral ~ 65% of head length; base of eye-side pelvic on midline of body, fin with 5 rays; urinary papilla on blind side, immediately behind anus; eye-side lateral line ~ straight, from edge of opercle to tail base; scales rough, larger than eye, easily shed; 41 (39-45) lateral line scales .

Eye-side dusky grey to light brown, with scattered dark blotches; dorsal and anal with regularly spaced eye-sized blotches of dark color on membranes interspaced with clear areas, often a large basal blotch and smaller outer one, or alternating small and large blotches; dark irregular bars on membranes of tail, pelvic as body, pectoral speckled; blind side yellowish.

Size: 16 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 10-45 m.

SE Gulf of California to Colombia.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Mexican + Panamic provinces endemic
  • Continent only
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 16
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 45