Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Peprilus snyderi, Salema butterfish, Short-finned butterfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout ~ eye
D & A: front short, angular
D III, 45-48; A 42
vertebrae 36

Peprilus snyderi Gilbert & Starks, 1904

Short-finned butterfish, Salema butterfish

Body highly compressed, an elongate oval; shallow to moderately deep body (depth 37-52% of SL); eye large, surrounded by a fatty right; snout ~ eye length or longer, mouth small, oblique, ends before or under front of eye; jaw teeth compressed, 3-pointed, in 1 row, no teeth on roof of mouth; gill rakers 23-26; dorsal and anal fins long based, front lobes slightly raised in a blunt point, anal much lower than dorsal; dorsal rays III, 45-48 (43-49); anal rays II, 42 (40-44); no pelvic fins but a small spine projecting from pelvis; pectorals long and pointed, 22-23 rays; tail fin deeply forked, stiff; scales very small, smooth, very easily shed; dorsal and anal fins covered with scales; lateral line high, follows upper body profile, almost complete; 36 vertebrae.

Silvery white to bluish on back.

Size: attains 39 cm.

Inhabits soft bottoms of coastal areas, including river mouths.

Depth: 0-108 m.

Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Bottom
  • Near Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Water column
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Carnivore
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Pelagic jellyfish/ctenophores
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 39
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 108