Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Seriolella violacea, Palm ruff

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate oval
round snout
large eye
D: VII strong, low spines, center spines longer, origin behind pectoral base
pelvic < < pectoral, origin behind pectoral base

Seriolella violacea Guichenot, 1848

Palm ruff

Body oval, moderately elongate (depth ~ 35% of SL), slightly compressed; snout round; head covered with pores; large eye (~ 25% of head length), with a poorly developed fatty ring around it; mouth large;  opercle thin, with 2 flat spines; preopercle margin with fine teeth; 1 dorsal fin, VII-VIII low, strong spines, middle spines highest, origin behind pectoral base, 26-27 rays; anal fin III, 17-19, spines short, origin under ~ mid dorsal; pectoral long, pointed, reaches anus; pelvic much smaller than pectoral, inserted behind base of pectoral, connected by membrane to belly, can fold into groove on belly; tail forked; scales small, smooth, easily shed; head scaleless.

(Preserved fish) Brown to dark blue, sometimes silvery; fins with black margin; iris gold.

Size: 65 cm.

Habitat: coastal and near coastal pelagic, sometimes commensal with jellyfishes.

Depth: 0-500 m.

Temperate SE Pacific; Chile to Colombia, the Galapagos.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Jellyfish
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily
  • Peruvian province, primarily
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 65
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 500