Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Lepidocybium flavobrunneum, the Escolar

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate, fusiform
large oval eye
D1 VIII-IX, v low
D2 & A + 6 finlets behind
LL: 1, sinuous
tail base: 3 keels
mouth opens at front
pelvics well developed

Lepidocybium flavobrunneum (Smith, 1843)

Escolar

Elongate, fusiform, slightly compressed; head pointed; eye a large, vertical oval; mouth ~ horizontal, opens at front; teeth conical, curved, 1 row each jaw; 2 dorsal fins separated by a gap, 1st dorsal fin low, VIII-IX spines; 2nd dorsal fin shorter base, 16-18, behind that 4-5 finlets; anal fin I-II, 12-14, followed by 4-5 finlets; pelvic fins well developed, I, 5; tail fin forked; 1 long + 2 small keels on tail base; 1 lateral line, strongly sinuous path along body; scales very small, smooth.

Uniform grey-brown, larger fish black.

Size: 220 cm.

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: 0-200 m.

Circumtropical; Washingto state to northern Peru, probably throughout our region, except the Gulf of California.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
Habitat
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific + all Atlantic (East+West)
  • "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • TEP non-endemic
  • East Pacific + Atlantic (East +/or West)
  • All Pacific (West + Central + East)
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic
  • Continent
  • All species
  • Eastern Pacific non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 200
Length Max
  • 220