Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Sphyraena lucasana, Cortez barracuda, Lucas' barracuda

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

faint bars on back
fins pale
pectoral: 16
mouth short
pelvic: well behind pectoral, under D
LL: 160-170

Sphyraena lucasana Gill, 1863

Cortez barracuda, Lucas' barracuda

Body elongate, cylindrical at the front; head long with a long pointed snout; large protractile mouth with a distinctly protruding lower jaw, short, not reaching to under eye; jaws and roof of mouth with many long sharp-edged teeth of unequal sizes; gill rakers present as 1-2 short spines or spiny plates at angle of gill arch; two widely separated dorsal fins (V + I, 9); small pectorals, 16 rays; pelvics I, 5, small, origin behind pectoral fins, under first dorsal fin; anal fin small, II, 8-9, similar to and under 2nd  dorsal; tail forked, without central lobes; a well-developed, straight lateral line; small smooth scales, 160-170 on lateral line.

Silvery with about 20 faint dark bars on upper side; fins pale.

Size: reaches 76 cm.

Habitat: coastal pelagic.

Depth: 0-25 m.

Southern Baja and the Gulf of California.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Near Bottom
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Cortez province endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 76
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 25