Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Raja velezi, Foureyed skate, Rasptail skate, Velez's skate, Witch skate

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

disc wide, front borders concave
wings pointed
rows thorns: 1 back, 3 tail
pectoral: large, well-defined ocellus

Raja velezi Chirichigno, 1973

Rasptail skate, Velez's skate, Witch skate, Foureyed skate

Rhomboidal disc of flattened, pointed head, body and pectoral fins; snout rigid; front sides of disc convex; large spiracles behind eyes; disc wide (70-80% of TL), tips of "wings" pointed; pelvic fins with 2 distinct lobes, rear one large; 2 small dorsal fins at rear of tail, no tail fin; disc totally covered with small, thin, grooved spines, with oval bases, larger on snout, along front border of disc, and before, above & behind eye; 1 row of thorns along midline, from a little behind eye to dorsal fins on tail, 2 rows along sides of tail; spines on rear borders only of ventral side.

Grey to brown above, snout & spines translucent; belly white, borders darker; a large, well defined ocellus (black with 5 yellow spots in center) in center of each pectoral fin.

Size: 83 cm.

Habitat: sandy & muddy bottoms.

Depth: 35-300 m.

The Gulf of California to Peru.

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  • Marine Only
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 300
Depth Range Min
  • 35
Length Max
  • 83