Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Ptereleotris carinata, Pacific hover-goby, Panamic dartfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

elongate, compressed
nape & cheeks - blue lines
C: long, oval, grey above, dark below
mouth ~ vertical, lower jaw strongly projecting



Ptereleotris carinata Bussing, 2001

Panamic dartfish, Pacific hover-goby

Body very elongate, compressed; head strongly compressed; mouth very oblique, opens above, lower jaw projecting; chin with longitudinal fold; gill rakers 26; dorsal fin VI + I, 20-22; anal rays I, 19-22; pectoral rays 21; pelvic rays I, 4, fins separate; tail fin long, oval; scales very small, ~ 140-150 on mid-side, rough at rear & smooth elsewhere, head scaleless.

Bluish grey; scattered blue spots and/or lines on head; a silvery-white to blue-white stripe from above eye to origin of dorsal fin; fins pale except upper part of tail blue- white and lower part dusky red.

Size: reaches about 8 cm.

Inhabits sand-rubble bottoms.

Depth: 8-25 m.

Central Gulf of California to Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Planktivore
  • Pelagic fish larvae
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Continent only
  • 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8
Depth Range Min
  • 8
Depth Range Max
  • 25