Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Coryphopterus urospilus, Redlight goby

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head - ~ 5 orange stripes
body - ~ 6 rows orange or brown spots
C base - dark spot + 2 white spots



Coryphopterus urospilus Ginsburg, 1938

Redlight goby

Snout profile straight to rounded;  nape with low crest; mouth small, relatively horizontal; some teeth enlarged, none on roof of mouth; head pores present, usually 1 between center of eyes, 1 pair between rear nostrils; papillae on cheek in 1 horizontal row;   mouth small, relatively horizontal; some teeth enlarged, none on roof of mouth; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VI +I, 8-9 rays, length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; anal fin I, 8-9 rays; pectoral rays 19-21 (usually 20); pelvics fused into a disc; tail fin rounded; body covered with scales, scales large, rough, absent on head; midlateral scales 25-26.

Head & body semi-transparent; head with a series of reddish-orange stripes; body with about 5 horizontal rows of reddish-orange to brown spots on side; several internal elongate white blotches along center of rear flank; base of tail fin with a dark brown spot bounded above and below by a white spot; a pair of red-orange to brown spots on base of pectoral fin.

Maximum size, 8 cm.

Inhabits sand-rubble fringe of rocky reefs or coral patches.

Depth: 2-40 m.

Central Baja and the Gulf of California to central Peru, the Revillagigedos, Malpelo, the Galapagos and Cocos.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • No data
  • Pelagic larva
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • All species
  • TEP endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 8
Depth Range Min
  • 2
Depth Range Max
  • 40