Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Platygillellus bussingi, Bussing's sand-stargazer, Costarican sand-stargazer

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eye - no papilla
D finlet low
body- 4 dark H bars
LL 47
preopercle scaleless
lower lip 21-33 flaps

Platygillellus bussingi Dawson, 1974

Costarican sand-stargazer, Bussing's sand-stargazer

Body elongate, compressed, tapering to tail; head robust, snout broadly rounded;  eyes not on stalks, without papillae; top and bottom lips with skin flaps, lower lip with 30 (21-33) flaps, those about 2X abundance of top flaps; tubular nostrils; dorsal fin originates on nape, in two sections, III-spined front finlet that is 10-25% higher than rest of spines,usually separate from rest of fin , III + XIV-XVI, 15-17; segmented anal rays 26-28; pectoral rays 13-15 (usually 14); pelvic fins inserted under throat, each with I, 3, rays thickened and free at the tips; tail fin with some branched rays; lateral line continuous, bends down under last dorsal spine; scales smooth; no scales on head or preoperculum; pectoral base scaled;  belly with a narrow band of scales along midline;  lateral-line scales 47 (45-48); scales in straight (posterior) part of lateral line 16-17.

White with a pair of broad blackish bars on middle of body and smaller bars or saddles below dorsal finlet and across base of caudal fin; also about 5 white spots interrupting bars along lower side.

Size: to 5 cm.

Habitat: sandy bottoms.

Depth: 1-15 m.

Costa Rica and Panama.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Benthic
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • East Pacific endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Panamic province endemic
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • TEP endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
IUCN Red List
  • Near threatened
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 15
Length Max
  • 5