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Species: Dactyloscopus fimbriatus, Fringed sand-stargazer

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eyes on stalks, with papillae
side - 3 dark stripes
C: short, some rays branched, base - black spot
mouth pigmented
chin projects
lip skin flaps: ~17 above, ~ 25 below
lot scales over LL arch
D ~XII,33; A ~37
no notch under tail base

Dactyloscopus fimbriatus (Reid, 1935)

Fringed sand-stargazer

Body compressed, tapering to tail; head large, flattened above, rounded and narrow at front; eyes protrusible, on stalks, with papillae; chin projecting well beyond lower lips; tubular nostrils, rear nostril opens near base of front nostril; both lips with skin flaps, (17 (15-19) above, 25 (24-30) below; operculum with 17 (12-21) skin flaps; dorsal fin origin on nape, before level of upper corner of operculum, front IV (II-VII) spines separate from fin and without membranes, XII (XI-XIII), 33 (31-35); anal II, 37 (35-39); pectoral usually 13 rays; no notch under tail base; dorsal and anal fins not joined by membranes to base of tail fin; tail fin short (~9.9 % of SL) with some branched rays; lateral line continuous, bends down under last dorsal spine; scales smooth, head and belly scaleless; lateral line scales 51 (49-53); scales in several rows (5-6 rows at front) above all of lateral line arch.

Inside mouth pigmented; nape with dark network, without bars; 3-6 small pale spots along front of dorsal fin base; sides with 3 more or less distinct dark stripes (along upper, middle and lower side); usually a dark spot on base of tail fin; dorsal and anal lightly shaded with brown.

Size: 10.1 cm.

Habitat: coastal sandy areas and estuaries.

Depth: 1-37 m.

Nicaragua to Ecuador.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Brooded
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
  • All species
Regional Endemism
  • Continental TEP endemic
  • Panamic province endemic
  • All species
  • Continent only
  • TEP endemic
  • Continent
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10.1
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 37