Shorefishes of the Eastern Pacific online information system

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Species: Halichoeres notospilus, Banded wrasse

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

IP: greenish + row black & white blotches & rows blue spots and lines
TP: greenish + thin pale bars, red fins
juvenile: dark + white bar & stripe + large ocellus on D

Halichoeres notospilus (Günther, 1864)

Banded wrasse

Elongate, compressed; 1 pair of enlarged canines at front of upper jaws, 2 pairs at front of lower jaws; no large canine at rear of top jaw; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 11; pectoral rays 13; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 27 pored scales.

IP:  dark green on upper half, light green below, about 5-6 alternating yellow and black patches along upper back; TP: with 7-8 blackish bars on upper half of body with narrow yellow bars between, a blackish patch behind pectoral fin, and caudal fin red; juvenile similar to that of H. chierchiae,  except very small fish may also turn almost black, with a clear tail fin, and a narrow white bar across the body just behind the pectoral fin.

Maximum size to 27.3 cm.

Habitat: rocky shores.

Habitat: common in shallows (1-10 m) exposed to surge.

Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru; also the Revillagigedos, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Freshwater
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • East Pacific endemic
  • Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
Regional Endemism
  • TEP endemic
  • All species
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
  • Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
  • Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
  • South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
  • North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 27.3
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 10