Species: Halichoeres notospilus, Banded wrasse
Halichoeres notospilus (Günther, 1864)
Elongate, compressed; 1 pair of enlarged canines at front of upper jaws, 2 pairs at front of lower jaws; no large canine at rear of top jaw; dorsal fin IX, 11; anal rays III, 11; pectoral rays 13; lateral line unbroken, but abruptly bent down under rear of dorsal fin, its tubes branched, except those on tail base; lateral line with 27 pored scales.
IP: dark green on upper half, light green below, about 5-6 alternating yellow and black patches along upper back; TP: with 7-8 blackish bars on upper half of body with narrow yellow bars between, a blackish patch behind pectoral fin, and caudal fin red; juvenile similar to that of H. chierchiae, except very small fish may also turn almost black, with a clear tail fin, and a narrow white bar across the body just behind the pectoral fin.
Maximum size to 27.3 cm.
Habitat: rocky shores.
Habitat: common in shallows (1-10 m) exposed to surge.
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru; also the Revillagigedos, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.
High Resolution Map Download
- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
- Reef only
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- FishBase Habitat
- Reef Associated
- Feeding Group
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
- Mobile benthic worms
- Egg Type
- Pelagic larva
- Global Endemism
- Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic
- All species
- East Pacific endemic
- Regional Endemism
- Continent + Island (s)
- All species
- Island (s)
- TEP endemic
- Climate Zone
- South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
- North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California)
- Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
- Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos)
- Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
- IUCN Red List
- Least concern
- Not listed
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max